MOSCOW — Even this many decades later, the legacy of World War II still arouses tensions in Eastern Europe. Consider the latest row between Russia and its Baltic neighbors.

Lithuania, a former Soviet republic, approved a law last week that bars the public display of Soviet symbols. In what the BBC referred to as the toughest such measure in the former Soviet Union, Lithuania also outlawed the playing of the Soviet national anthem and the public display of photos of high-ranking Soviet officials.

No matter that Lithuania’s law also covered the symbols and icons of Nazi Germany -– Russia quickly took offense at the law anyway. In Moscow, officials declared that the measure was an insult to the Soviet soldiers who defeated the Nazis.

On Sunday, Russia’s president, Dmitri A. Medvedev, issued a statement that condemned “any attempt at the rewriting of history and the revising of the results of World War II.” He was joined by the president of Belarus, Aleksandr Lukashenko.

A spokesman for the Kremlin told Reuters that the statement was directed toward Lithuania, the other two Baltic states –- Latvia and Estonia — and Ukraine.